Pisac is a small town in the Sacred Valley, well worth a visit on your way to Machu Picchu. The town is home to a colourful ‘mercado artesanal’ or craft market, a great place to experience a traditional way of life, with villagers coming and going with their wares. The village is perched high in the mountains and surrounded by Inca farming terraces, giving a clear example of how the Ina agronomists solved the problem of planting on the slopes of the hills. Pisac is a Quechua word (sometimes referred to as Pisaq) which means partridge (a type of bird) and as was customary in Inca architecture, the city is designed in the shape of an animal, in this case the partridge!
Cuzco, (or Cusco / Qosqo) is situated in the heart of the Inca empire, high in the Peruvian Andes, and is for most, the gateway to Machu Picchu. Often referred to as a fortress are believed to have been built for protection, but also as a site for ritual ceremonies.
Lake Titicaca, situated between Bolivia and Peru is right in the birth place of the ancient Inca Empire. The Inca civilisation revered Lake Titicaca, believing it was the place the Sun God ordered the first Inca to rise from its waters to form the beginnings of the Inca Empire, establishing its position as a sacred place for the Inca people.